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Educational Psychology 2: Learning & Motivations

Psychologists' Verified Theories that help you realize your full potential
Instructor:
Daniel Lin
79 students enrolled
English
You will have specific teaching skills based on the several verified learning theories
You will have effective learning skills from cognitive learning theories
You will be able to motivate not only your students but also yourself to work harder
You will be able to develop an intelligence needed to lead you to success in life
You will be able to raise your children in a way that they can grow into a person who has all the things needed for their success in terms of intelligence and motivation

Why do we need Educational Psychology?

Do you want to become a better teacher? Or do you want to become a star performer where you work? 

Educational Psychology is like a precious jewel that helps you become a better teacher and a star performer. It teaches how to become a real human being in terms of education and psychology. It will help you to realize your full potential because it teaches you verified theories of Educational Psychology.

The Verified Theories of Educational Psychology 

Educational psychology is a study about the psychology of students and teachers.
For example, some students may have high IQ scores but they have poor grades at school. Or, some students may spend a lot of time studying but they may have poor grades. Educational psychology is a study of psychologically why this phenomenon happens.
Educational psychology teaches you 4 main subjects that each are Development, Intelligence, Learning and Motivation.

Contents and Overview 

You will be able to learn 2 main categories of educational psychology

1) Learning   
– Behaviorism   
– Cognitive Psychology

2) Motivations
   
– Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivation 
   
– Hierarchy of Needs
    
– Attribution, Self-Efficacy, Self-Determination

Learning also takes place through Discussion

I will be available for your question at Q&A, and looking forward to talking with you about how to make use of educational psychology in your actual context where you work. 

Thanks to some designers for the course

Macrovector, Iconicbestiary, Katemangostar, brgfx, Freepik 

Learning Theory - Behaviorism

1
The 5 Basic Assumptions of Behaviorism

The 5 basic assumptions of behaviorism

  • Behaviorism is science studying on behavior
  • Behaviorism is primarily concerned with observable behavior, as opposed to internal events like thinking and emotion
  • Behaviorism has an excellent effect in helping students do more good behavior and less bad behavior
2
Classical Conditioning

Classical conditioning 

  • Classical conditioning involves learning a new behavior via the process of association. 
  • It means that two stimuli are linked together to produce a new learned response in a person or an animal.
  • Teachers should try to make sure that students associate positive emotional experiences with learning, and they never associate negative emotional experiences with learning either.
3
Operant Conditioning (1/2)

Operant conditioning 

  • Operant conditioning is a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior. 
  • What encourages a behavior is called reinforcement, and what suppresses a behavior is called punishment. 
  • Punishment has an excellent immediate effect in suppressing a behavior, but it has also many educational side effects, so you should use it wisely.
4
Operant Conditioning (2/2)

Operant conditioning 

  • Operant conditioning is a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior. 
  • What encourages a behavior is called reinforcement, and what suppresses a behavior is called punishment. 
  • Punishment has an excellent immediate effect in suppressing a behavior, but it has also many educational side effects, so you should use it wisely.
5
Social Learning Theory

Social Learning Theory

  • Learning also happens through observations
  • You should try to set up good exemplary models for your children because they observe and behave accordingly. 


Learning Theory - Cognitive Psychology

1
Introduction to Cognitive Psychology

Introduction to Cognitive Psychology

  • Cognitive psychology assumes that a better understanding of human inner mental processes is essential for a better understanding of human behavior.
  • Cognitive psychology is a scientific study of the mind as an information processor. 
2
Theory of Information Processing (1/3)

Theory of Information Processing

  • Human memory is divided into sensory memory, short-term and long-term memory. 
  • When information comes in our brain through our sensory organs, we perceive it giving it our own subjective interpretation, rehearse with it, and encode it to our long-term memory.
  • When some information come into our sensory memory, we decide whether or not to pay attention to it, and if we decide to pay attention, then we will perceive it, rehearse with it and encode it to our long-term memory if we want to. 
  • We also retrieve it from our long-term memory when we need to use it.


3
Theory of Information Processing (2/3)

Theory of Information Processing

  • Human memory is divided into sensory memory, short-term and long-term memory. 
  • When information comes in our brain through our sensory organs, we perceive it giving it our own subjective interpretation, rehearse with it, and encode it to our long-term memory.
  • When some information come into our sensory memory, we decide whether or not to pay attention to it, and if we decide to pay attention, then we will perceive it, rehearse with it and encode it to our long-term memory if we want to. 
  • We also retrieve it from our long-term memory when we need to use it.
4
Theory of Information Processing (3/3)

Theory of Information Processing

  • Human memory is divided into sensory memory, short-term and long-term memory. 
  • When information comes in our brain through our sensory organs, we perceive it giving it our own subjective interpretation, rehearse with it, and encode it to our long-term memory.
  • When some information come into our sensory memory, we decide whether or not to pay attention to it, and if we decide to pay attention, then we will perceive it, rehearse with it and encode it to our long-term memory if we want to. 
  • We also retrieve it from our long-term memory when we need to use it.
5
Cognitive Learning Strategy 1 - Review

Review strategy

  • You should review what you learn more than 3 times or as many times as you find fit for your learning. 
  • You should be able to express what you learn in your own language during the review. 
  • You can form a group of 3 or 4, and talk with your peers freely on the subject you are learning.
6
Cognitive Learning Strategy 2 - Organization (1/2)

Organization strategy

  • You should organize the learned materials 
  • You can not only have a comprehensive understanding on the whole, but also see their whole hierarchical structure. 
  • Using a mind map is recommended
7
Cognitive Learning Strategy 2 - Organization (2/2)

Organization strategy

  • You should organize the learned materials 
  • You can not only have a comprehensive understanding on the whole, but also see their whole hierarchical structure. 
  • Using a mind map is recommended
8
Cognitive Learning Strategy 3 - Metacognition (1/2)

Meta-cognition strategy 

  • Meta-cognition means cognition about cognition. 
  • Meta-cognition strategy is that you continue to study until you understand 100%. 
  • You need to review, organize the learned materials and try explaining them according to interrogatives like a lecturer to get to 100%.
9
Cognitive Learning Strategy 3 - Metacognition (2/2)

Meta-cognition strategy 

  • Meta-cognition means cognition about cognition. 
  • Meta-cognition strategy is that you continue to study until you understand 100%. 
  • You need to review, organize the learned materials and try explaining them according to interrogatives like a lecturer to get to 100%.

Motivation Theory

1
Several Perspectives on Motivation

Several Perspectives on Motivation

  • Reinforcement of behavior is the same thing as motivation from the viewpoints of behaviorists.
  • Humanists assume that humans have a natural desire to make them a better person, and the world a better place. 
  • Cognitive psychologists say that a person gets motivated when they think something or there is a cognitive reason. 


2
Extrinsic Motivation (1/2)

Extrinsic Motivation

  • You should make use of extrinsic reward for motivation with caution. 
  • You can use it when you find it needed because it could lead a student to intrinsic motivation. 
  • When giving an extrinsic reward to children, give them what they want only when they achieve something tangible, of which they can be proud of themselves.
3
Extrinsic Motivation (2/2)

Extrinsic Motivation

  • You should make use of extrinsic reward for motivation with caution. 
  • You can use it when you find it needed because it could lead a student to intrinsic motivation. 
  • When giving an extrinsic reward to children, give them what they want only when they achieve something tangible, of which they can be proud of themselves.
4
Theory of Hierarchy of Needs from Humanism (1/3)

Hierarchy of needs 

  • The essence of the theory of hierarchy of needs is self-esteem. 
  • Because you are not a parent of students, it may be difficult for you to boost up their self-esteem, but at least what you can do as a teacher is to try to have a good relationship with them. 
  • When you have good relationships with students, there is much chance that they will be able to have motivation to work hard.
5
Theory of Hierarchy of Needs from Humanism (2/3)

Hierarchy of needs 

  • The essence of the theory of hierarchy of needs is self-esteem. 
  • Because you are not a parent of students, it may be difficult for you to boost up their self-esteem, but at least what you can do as a teacher is to try to have a good relationship with them. 
  • When you have good relationships with students, there is much chance that they will be able to have motivation to work hard.
6
Theory of Hierarchy of Needs from Humanism (3/3) Part A

Hierarchy of needs 

  • The essence of the theory of hierarchy of needs is self-esteem. 
  • Because you are not a parent of students, it may be difficult for you to boost up their self-esteem, but at least what you can do as a teacher is to try to have a good relationship with them. 
  • When you have good relationships with students, there is much chance that they will be able to have motivation to work hard.
7
Theory of Hierarchy of Needs from Humanism (3/3) Part B
8
Attribution Theory (1/2)

Attribution theory

  • Attribution theory is concerned with how people attribute various causes to their success and failure. 
  • A person would be motivated when they are aware that they can control and affect their success. 
  • On the contrary, they wouldn’t be motivated when they are aware that they can’t control and affect their success.
  • We should help students to attribute their success and failure not to luck and task difficulty but to their efforts.
9
Attribution Theory (2/2)

Attribution theory

  • Attribution theory is concerned with how people attribute various causes to their success and failure. 
  • A person would be motivated when they are aware that they can control and affect their success. 
  • On the contrary, they wouldn’t be motivated when they are aware that they can’t control and affect their success.
  • We should help students to attribute their success and failure not to luck and task difficulty but to their efforts.
10
Self-efficacy (1/2)

Self-efficacy

  • Self-efficacy has a great influence on motivation. 
  • It is a positive belief in one’s ability to successfully complete a task. It helps us not to be afraid of failure and frustration.
  • In order to develop self-efficacy, you need to experience a lot of successes from your childhood. 
  • So it is parents above all who need to help their children develop their efficacy. They need to encourage their children and believe in their ability.
11
Self-efficacy (2/2)

Self-efficacy

  • Self-efficacy has a great influence on motivation. 
  • It is a positive belief in one’s ability to successfully complete a task. It helps us not to be afraid of failure and frustration.
  • In order to develop self-efficacy, you need to experience a lot of successes from your childhood. 
  • So it is parents above all who need to help their children develop their efficacy. They need to encourage their children and believe in their ability.
12
Self-determination

Self-determination

  • A secret to motivating students that self-determination theory shows is let students decide for themselves as much as possible. 
  • You should let the decision be not yours but theirs because they will be able to have much greater responsibility when they can choose. 
  • With a much sense of autonomy, they will be more motivated to work hard.


Final Review

1
Final Review
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