Motivation: The Science of Motivating Yourself and Your Team
Your success is your ability to motivate and develop your team and team members. If they perform, you perform. This course will provide those skills that are critical to your success.
Motivation is not a speech or pep talk! It is the skill of creating a worthy purpose, an effective team environment, designing work for intrinsic motivation, and using positive reinforcement in an effective way. This course will enable you to develop a system of sustained motivation for yourself and your team.
I have authored eleven books and the key to getting books published is simply the self-discipline to sit yourself down and write! I have been CEO of two companies and consulted with more than one hundred major corporations on improving human performance. In this course I have distilled the science of human behavior down to the essential practical lessons that every entrepreneur and manager must know and practice to succeed.
The topics covered in the course include the following:
Sources of Motivation
Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation
Optimizing Social Reinforcement
Developing a System of Motivation
The ABC Model of Managing Behavior
Using Reinforcement Schedules
Is it a “Can’t Do” or a “Won’t Do?”
Managing Yourself. The Biggest Challenge!
What students are saying about this course:
“I love the detailed yet simple approach this course takes.” Nikhil Shah
“Excellent content, actionable and well delivered!” David Davis
“Wow Great Course! Easy to understand with true life experience suggestions.” Carolyn Swanson
Introduction to Motivating and Managing Human Performance
Which is more difficult: motivating yourself, or motivating others? The answer is that if you master the skills of self-motivation you will also master the skills of motivating others.
The purpose of this course is to help you to be successful at managing the behavior of yourself and others.
The objectives are:
§To learn a model of analyzing and solving human performance problems.
§To develop the skills of coaching others.
§To help your team improve their own motivation and the motivation of others.
§To create a positive environment at work.
§To gain mastery over your own behavior.
Sources of Motivation
Where does motivation come from? The answer is not from one source. We derive motivation from a variety of sources and people have diverse interests and needs. Therefore, the job of the manager is to optimize all available sources of motivation.
This lecture presents several models: First, competency + motivation = performance; Second, motivation that is derived from within versus motivation that is derived from one's environment.
Finally, this session presents the hierarchy of motivation, a pyramid that begins with spiritual motivation or the motivation of a worthy purpose, the motivation derived from social relationships, and finally the situational motivation from one's immediate environment.
The need for a meaningful life and meaningful work is the most powerful source of motivation. The Purpose Principle defines the different sources of purpose in our life and how to find a worthy purpose in our work.
Attached is a PDF file that is a synopsis of my book, American Spirit, which includes a description of the purpose principle.
This lecture also describes how leaders can make use of the purpose principle to motivate others in their company or on their team.
Our learning and motivation begins in our first "learning organization." The Family. It is where we learn to learn and develop our values. Most important, we learn to support and appreciate others.
For most of humankind's history we have worked in small groups, family units or family like units. The mass production model of specialized work and the divorce of decision making from the work, destroyed social motivation.
In his book Trust, Francis Fukuyama shares the research that links the radius of trust to economic activity. High trust cultures, those with an extended "radius of trust", develop more vibrant economies than low trust cultures. Similarly, organizations in which there is high trust have higher rates of innovation and economic growth.
Trust is the social bond that is the soil of innovation.
What can you do to increase social motivation?
- Strengthen the bonds of your own team.
- Build trust between your team and others.
- Demonstrate empathy and mutual interest.
- Recognize the team, large and small.
- Celebrate together as a team.
Situational motivation is the motivation derived from the antecedents and consequences to our behavior. In this lecture is share my experience setting up the first free economy behind prison walls, a system to "make performance matter" for inmates, a simulated economy that rewarded good behavior. It is simply an example of how we can establish systems, either for others in our organization, or for own own motivation and self-management.
If you understand how antecedents to behavior gain their effect, you gain the power to manage your environment to prompt the behavior your desire. The key elements of analyzing behavior are the following:
First, pinpointing the desired behavior.
Second, gathering data on the current rate of performance.
Third, establishing antecedents to the desired behavior.
Fourth, establishing effective consequences that reinforce the desired behavior.
The Science of Behavior Management
How you define terms matter in our understanding of motivation. The terms used in behavior analysis are empirically defined, meaning they are defined by the outcome.
- Reinforcement is a stimulus that follows a behavior, a consequence, that results in an increased rate of response of that behavior.
- Positive Reinforcement is the presentation of a reinforcing stimulus.
- Negative Reinforcement is the removal of a stimulus that results in an increased rate of response.
- Punishment is a stimulus that results in a decreased rate of response.
- Extinction is the absence of any consequence that results in the eventual reduction of response.
Positive Reinforcement increases the rate of a response. However, there are many different types of reinforcement, all of which can be used to strengthen the behavior of yourself or your team.
- Intrinsic or Extrinsic
- Tangible or Social
- Immediate or Long Term
- Certain or Uncertain
Lean management, or Toyota Production System, is not only a technical system of just-in-time, kanbans, etc., but it is a social system built on the twin pillars of "respect for people" and "continuous improvement." These require establishing a culture of experimentation and positive reinforcement.
Honda and Toyota both adapted their culture to North America and both employ a good dose of behavior management practices. For example:
- Toyota compensation is 75% base salary and 25% bonus based on a combination of individual and group performance.
- Toyota practices the 4 to 1 principle – four positive to one negative comment or recognition.
- Honda has a point system that rewards a variety of positive behavior.
- You need to “make performance matter.”
How to Apply Behavior Management to Your Life and Work
Setting goals and objectives is one of the oldest and most important means of motivation. However, management by objectives became bureaucratic and demotivating. In this lecture I present the critical elements of successfully using goals and objectives.
- Dream Big!
- But, Target the Baby Steps
- MBO & Self-Control
- Engage and Gain Commitment
- Visualize – Employ Visual Display
- Plan Reinforcement Along the Way
- Engage in Reflection – Process it!
When reinforcement is delivered matters a great deal. There is a wealth of scientific literature derived from experiments with not only mice and pigeons, but in organizations as well, that provide insight into the effect of different schedules. In this video I explore the advantages and disadvantages of each of the following:
- Fixed interval schedules
- Variable interval schedules
- Fixed ratio schedules
- Variable ratio schedules
All performance problems are either ones of "Can't Do" or "Won't Do" - either motivation of skill.
It is important to analyze a problem do determine whether it is one of skill or motivation because the solution is entirely different. All the consequences, positive reinforcement or punishment, will have no effect if the person lacks the necessary skills to perform.
It is within our nature to model the behavior of significant others - parents, managers or heroes - who display behavior that we value. For this reason it is important that we seek models in our own life of individuals who have achieved the success we desire and who display the behavior we seek to develop.
Appreciative inquiry is the practice of finding examples of outstanding performance, heroes and heroines, within your organization to hold up as examples for others to emulate.
It is never all or nothing. Every day we make choices to stay late at work, read a book, or watch television, and every choice is a reflection of the balance of consequences. If you understand the balance of consequences you understand that a slight shift in positive reinforcement can completely change the outcome.
When reinforcement is delivered matters a great deal. As managers, it is our responsibility to act in a timely manner to reinforce behavior. Delay dilutes the power of positive reinforcement.
There are times, no matter how good we are at the positive forms of motivation, when we must use a negative consequence to reduce an undesirable behavior. How we do it will make the difference between constructive change in behavior and a negative influence on the entire group. Learn the skills of effective punishment.
Giving and Receiving Feedback
Summary and Wishes for Your Success
After viewing the previous 20 lectures you may wish to create your own summary of what you got out of this course and what you hope to do better in the future. Here are my wishes for you:
My Wishes for you personally
- Be clear about your purpose in life and at work. Become noble.
- Have models and set goals (antecedents)
- Surround your with others from whom you can learn.
- Practice 4 to 1 with yourself. Recognize your own achievements.
My wishes for you as a leader
- First become the model of the behavior you want from others.
- Practice 4 to 1.
- Always create aspirational goals and targets with your team members.
- Analyze the environment and…
- Optimize intrinsic reinforcement
- Social recognition.
- Make performance matter
- Become a great coach.